By Davy Karkason
Founding Attorney

International arbitration is a popular form of dispute resolution used by multinational corporations and states for resolving disputes outside of courts. The process involves the appointment of one or more neutral arbitrators to make a binding decision on the dispute in question. In this article, we will be exploring different international arbitration institutions and their rules, to provide you with a comparative overview of the various options to consider when deciding on an arbitration institution.

  • 1) International Chamber of Commerce (ICC): Founded in 1919, ICC is one of the oldest and most well-known arbitration institutions. The ICC International Court of Arbitration administers the ICC arbitration process, and its rules govern the arbitration. The ICC has offices in several countries and offers arbitration in most major languages. The ICC is particularly popular among those in the construction and energy industries. ICC | International Chamber of Commerce (
  • 2) Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA): The PCA has been administering arbitrations since its establishment in 1899. The PCA has no permanent panel of arbitrators, but instead appoints independent arbitrators based on the specific case. The PCA has its headquarters in The Hague and offers arbitration services in areas such as maritime disputes, investor-state disputes, and cross-border commercial disputes. The PCA also provides consultation and mediation services. Home | PCA-CPA
  • 3) London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA): Established in 1892, the LCIA is one of the leading arbitration institutions in the UK. It is particularly popular for disputes involving banking, finance, and insurance. The LCIA comprises an international court of arbitrators that facilitates the appointment and removal of arbitrators and helps manage and resolve disputes. The London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA)
  • 4) Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC): Established in 1991, the SIAC is a relatively new arbitration institution but has quickly become popular among those in Asia. Its reputation for efficiency and speedy resolution of disputes is a significant factor in its popularity. The SIAC’s arbitration rules are in line with international best practices and offer a flexible and customizable process. Home – Singapore International Arbitration Centre (
  • 5) International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): The ICSID is an institution primarily focused on the resolution of investment disputes between foreign investors and host states. The institution is a part of the World Bank Group and has over 150 member states. The ICSID is known for its transparency and neutrality policies that ensure fair adjudication of disputes. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (

When you are exploring Different international arbitration institutions, you can notice that each have their unique rules, procedures, and strengths. While choosing an arbitration institution, it is crucial to consider several factors like costs, expediency, reputation, and expertise in dispute resolution. The five institutions we have explored in this article are just some of the many options available to parties seeking international arbitration services. If you need assistance, please do not hesitate to look over our legal articles and to contact us Contact Our Office – Transnational Matters.

About the Author
As a lawyer and the founder of Transnational Matters, Davy Aaron Karkason represents numerous international companies and a wide variety of industries in Florida, the U.S., and abroad. He is dedicated to fighting against unjust expropriation and unfair treatment of any individual or entity involved in an international matter. Mr. Karason received his B.A. in Political Science & International Relations with a Minor in Criminal Justice from Nova Southeastern University. If you have any questions about this article you can contact Davy Karkason through our contact page.